International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Volume 5 Issue 1 




 Study of Grey Fuzzy Optimization Techniques for FMS Scheduling Problem 



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-141.pdf



Title: Study of Grey Fuzzy Optimization Techniques for FMS Scheduling Problem



Authors: Reetik kaushik, Nikita Deswal, Anurag Dudpuri, Sumit Chawla, Ranganath M Singari



Abstract: The research study focuses on the concept of Fuzzy Logic and its applications in diverse sectors like Behavioural Science, Machining, Business Operations, Medicinal Science, Water Quality Management, Manufacturing, Anti-Braking systems, etc. Fuzzy Logic is regarded as the best option to deal with complex problems which arise due to uncertainty, incomplete information and lack of preciseness. The major focus of this research is then divided into a case study on the application of Grey Fuzzy Optimization in the Manufacturing and Machining sectors, using Fuzzy Logic Toolbox of MATLAB. The case study deals with a Job-Shop Scheduling Problem in a Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS). Scheduling of Jobs is a crucial task for meeting and exceeding the market demands. The decision of which part will be the next to be processed considers some criteria that influence the performance of a job shop system. The job shop system is taken from previous literature and the proposed approach is applied to get the optimal scheduling of products. Within the vast field of production and operation, its applicability was tested in scheduling conflicts in flexible manufacturing systems (FMS). All the output values were in the range of single-digit percentage error owing to different sets of rule formations but nonetheless the proximity of the actual and calculated values reaffirmed the confidence that the verification was justified.



A Hybrid Approach for Modelling and Optimization of Laser Cladding Process



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-142.pdf



Title: A Hybrid Approach for Modelling and Optimization of Laser Cladding Process



Authors:  Girijesh Kumar Tiwari, Avanish Kumar Dubey,  Anas Ahmad Siddiqui



Abstract: To develop hard surface of superalloysusually laser surface modification is employed. Out of several laser surface modification techniques, laser cladding process allows to obtain sound surface clads. Laser Cladding being a complex process, depends on many input parameters. Knowledge of these input parameters during laser cladding is essential for development of good clad. Artificial intelligence has proven to be a better tool for modelling of processes having complex and non-linear behavior. A hybrid approach of any two individual methodologies may even perform better. In this paper, a coupled methodology of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for modelling and optimization of process parameters (laser power, scan velocity and powder feed rate) for quality characteristics (aspect ratio) in laser claddingInconel-738 is proposed. First, an ANN model is trained, tested and developed for aspect ratio. Then, PSO technique is used for optimization utilizing trained ANN model. The developed hybrid model show minor error of 5.13% of mean square error and 8.68% error in predicting aspect ratio.






Designing and Analyzing the Brake Master Cylinder for an ATV vehicle



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-143.pdf



Title: Designing and Analyzing the Brake Master Cylinder for an ATV vehicle



Authors: Shubham Upadhyaya,*, Divyam Raj, Kaushal Gupta, Rakesh Chander Saini, Ramakant Rana, Roop Lal



Abstract:  Braking system is a means of converting momentum into heat energy by creating friction in the wheel brakes. The braking system which works with the help of hydraulic principles is known as hydraulic braking systems. The most frequently used system operates hydraulically, by pressure applied through a liquid. These are the foot operated brakes that the driver normally uses to slow or stop the car. Our special interest in hydraulics is related to the actions in automotive systems that result from pressure applied to a liquid. This is called hydraulic pressure. Since liquid is not compressible, it can transmit motion. A typical braking system includes two basic parts. These are the master cylinder with brake pedal and the wheel brake mechanism. The other parts are the connecting tubing, or brake lines, and the supporting arrangements. The present paper is about designing of Twin master cylinder system for and all-terrain vehicle and doing a feasibility study of its strength using ANSYS. Our work is focused on reducing weight which is one of the factors to increase the efficiency. Reduction in weight and space, due to its compactness. The twin Master cylinder system is a great advancement in braking system for an ATV. 3-D CAD modeling is done using SOLIDWORKS 2017, whereas the analysis of its strength is done using ANSYS.      




Optimal Selection  of Cutting Fluid Using AHP and VIKOR




Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-144.pdf



Title:  Optimal Selection  of Cutting Fluid Using AHP and VIKOR



Authors:  Mohd Abbas, Mohd Parvez, Narayan Agarwal,Rahul Katna



Abstract: Cutting fluids are important elements of manufacturing industries and are used in large quantity. But its use poses a serious health issue to the surrounding people working in its atmosphere. Hence, the disposal should be only after neutralization thereby protecting worker and aquatic life. This leads to select an optimal alternative which is not only environment friendly but also safe for human beings and aquatic life. Further it should also perform at par with the mineral oil based cutting fluid. In the present research a frame work has been proposed to assist the decision makers in selection and evaluation of lubricant by Analytical hierarchical process (AHP) and VIKOR method. In the proposed research three cutting fluids i.e. Neem oil with 5% emulsifier, Neem oil with 10% emulsifier and a conventional mineral oil based cutting fluid have been considered as an alternatives. These have been evaluated on the basis of different significant parameters like temperature at tool tip, surface roughness and tool wear.  The basic aim of this paper is to present the logical selection process of a cutting fluid as well as to show that ranking or choice of cutting fluid may also change if the priority of the parameter is changed.




An Extensive Review on Advance Forming Methods




Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-145.pdf



Title:  An Extensive Review on Advance Forming Methods

AuthorsPraveen Kumar*,Tushar Gandhi , Vaibhav Chandra

Abstract: Giving it a shape and making it a useful component defines the process of forming. Years of research has given new methods to this process. In various industries like automobile and aeronautics the goal is to achieve complicated shapes with properties like high energy absorption, high rigidity at a lower cost. These aspects can be achieved by Advance Forming Methods (AFM), major work is being done on hydroforming process as this process provide shapes which otherwise requires a greater number of processes. The idea of flexible forming is something where the efforts are reduced along with number of trials by introducing rubber pads into sheet metal forming process and the complexity of tool design automatically reduces. Other than these processes, the process of rapid prototyping which is incorporated in laser forming process is being used in fabrication of metallic components. The areas of work which is being done is to reduce the amount of failures by optimizing the process parameters to achieve better results at a low cost.



Microstructural and Fracture Surface Study of Friction Stir Welded AA5082-AA7075 Butt Joints



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-146.pdf



Title:  Microstructural and Fracture Surface Study of Friction Stir Welded AA5082-AA7075 Butt Joints



Authors:  Gaurav Kumar*, Rajeev Kumar , Ratnesh Kumar



Abstract:  In this study, experiments were performed to analyse the fracture surface and microstructural behaviour of friction stir welded (FSW) AA5082-AA7075butt joints. Three samples at varying speed and constant feed were prepared to identify optimum tool speed to produce FSW AA5082-AA7075 butt joints having maximum tensile strength and fatigue life. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to analyse microstructure and fracture surfaces. The samples prepared exhibited a considerable difference in their fatigue life and tensile strength. Microstructural analysis showed the refinement of grains present in the stir zone (SZ), also known as the weld nugget, and thermo-mechanically affected zone (TMAZ). The study of the fracture surface showed that the mode of failure was ductile in nature. 



 Model Review on Various Types of Coatings on Metal and Steel Alloys 



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-147.pdf



Title:  Review on Various Types of Coatings on Metal and Steel Alloys 



Authors: Kaibalya Prasad Rath*, Kanwarjeet Singh, Gaurav Arora, Swati Varshney



Abstract:  Coatings are used in various production and manufacturing industries for the purposes viz. to increase tool life, to have better surface finish or surface quality of product. These enhancements will help industries to increase their production rate and profit margin also. Coatings are used on different metal and steel alloys to enhance their physical and mechanical properties. Rare earth elements as additive in coating had shown a significance increase in the performance of developed coating. The present paper represents and review the research work on the various types of coatings and its effects on the performance of the substrate used. This paper also discusses the studies done by various researchers on the coating developed with Rare earth elements. The results from literature exhibited an improvement in the characteristic properties of different metal, steel and tool steel alloys. The last part of this paper, presents the utilization/importance of various coatings on steels and tool steels along with future scope of research work. 



Design and Optimization of Suspension and Steering System of Efficycle – Human Powered Hybrid Tricycle



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-148.pdf



Title: Design and Optimization of Suspension and Steering System of Efficycle – Human Powered Hybrid Tricycle



Authors:  Mishank Sharma, Saksham Jindal, Vishrut Munjal, Saurabh Dhyani, Tushar Gautam, Rakesh Chander Saini, Ramakant Rana*



Abstract: Suspension is a system of tires, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle’s chassis to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two. Steering is a mechanism which provides a direction to the vehicle, it basically consists of gears, shaft, joints, steering column, steering wheel and further more. The main objective of this paper is to design a system of suspension and steering for a three wheeled human-electric hybrid trike. A system of directly actuated double wishbone suspension system is chosen for the front and pushrod actuated 2-link trailing arm suspension system for the rear. Steering system used is a type of Single tie rod and drag link system. A knuckle to knuckle drag link provides continuity to the wheels and tie rod to the bell crank provides steering rotation. This paper also talks about the single nut hub-shaft system which is being used in the front suspension system. Based on the research using various input parameters, the inboard and outboard suspension hard points are decided to maximize the tire contact patch at every vehicular motion (mainly during body roll). Forces and stresses are calculated with the help of Free Body Diagrams (FBD) and Multi Body Dynamics (MBD) software LOTUS Shark. The paper discusses about the calculations regarding the roll and ride rates and for the custom springs of specific stiffness used in front and rear shock absorbers and the variation of roll steer and bump steer on changing various parameters of steering system. Key points also include procedure of selections of various types of bearings, rod ends and bolts. This paper also talks about laser cut jigsaw uprights that are used in the front wheel assembly. Finite element method was used to analyze the designs using DS Solidworks and Ansys Workbench. Static structural and explicit dynamics analysis was performed on the wheel assembly components both individually and assembled.




 A Tribological Study of Effect of Lubricants and Lubrication Mechanisms in Rolling Process: A Review 



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-149.pdf



Title:  A Tribological Study of Effect of Lubricants and Lubrication Mechanisms in Rolling Process: A Review



Authors:  Rahul Kumar Jain* , Ranganath M Singari , R. C. Singh



Abstract: Rolling process had been used in every aspect of our life. Various type of section like tee, angle, channel, railway track, sheets, foils of different material are made by rolling process. Quality of product depends upon the various characteristics of rolling parameters. At the junction, key role played by lubricants for saving of energy and properties of material in contact. Researchers are putting continuous efforts for the tribological analysis and developing new lubricants for the rolling process according to the material. The authors had reviewed the lubricants used in different rolling processes and found out diverse range of lubricants. Various ecologically safe and effective lubricants had been reviewed. Lubrication performance testing tribometer for testing of tribological properties of lubricants had been reviewed. Hydrodynamic, mixed and boundary lubrication mechanism had been found in different rolling conditions. Use of lubricants were found helpful in reducing power consumption in rolling and good quality products, hence the cost.



Investigating the Effects of Using Plastic Waste as Fine Aggregate in Self Compacting Concrete



Posted      :  05  Jan  2020 4:00 PM PST



File        :  IJAPIE-2020-01-150.pdf



Title:  Investigating the Effects of Using Plastic Waste as Fine Aggregate in Self Compacting Concrete 



Authors: Ankur Singh, Ankita Singh​,  Disha Agrawal



Abstract: Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) has properties of low yield stress, high deformability and good segregation resistance. It is defined as fresh concrete that flows under its own weight and does not require external vibration to undergo compaction. The aim of this was to study and find the viability of replacing sand (fine aggregate) partially with recycled plastic waste (PET). Different SCC mixes were prepared with consistent water/cementitious ratio of 0.368 with 550 kg/m3 of paste volume. The plastic waste content was varied with 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5% by weight of sand and was designated as Fine plastic waste (FPW) and were considered as the experimental parameters. The mixes were tested against their workability properties as SCC mixes, regarding tests namely L-Box test height ratio, V-funnel flow time and slump flow diameter. Cubic compressive strength was also measured against 28-days curing period. The experimental results indicated that plastic in small percentages could be incorporated and can successfully partially replace fine aggregate in self-compacting concrete.