International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Volume 3 Issue 3 





A Design of Enterprise Systems View  On the Saudi Arabian Housing Sector


Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-321.pdf

Title: A Design of Enterprise Systems View  On the Saudi Arabian Housing Sector

Authors: Basil Omar Al-Sasi

Abstract: Enterprise engineering is a sub discipline of industrial systems engineering and a life-cycle oriented discipline for the identification, design and implementation of enterprises and their continuous evolution supported by enterprise modeling. Enterprise engineering helps to examine each aspect of the complex socio-technical system that comprises interdependent resources of people and organizational flow, business processes and information flow, material flows and associated technology that must interact with each other and their environment in support of a common mission. The focus on the design of the enterprise as a whole, or on the design and integration of certain business components, help to create an abstraction of a current existing system, then compare it to an improved perspective of the systems abstraction, in support for optimizing the current abstracted system placed into the perspective of a desired state to be. Creating a comparison between the abstraction of the Saudi Arabian housing sectors business components and the abstraction of a desired state to be for the given business components with the aid of enterprise engineering. A legislative change as part of the business process and information flow examination is found to create a potential  increase in the number of benefiters, who are in need to own a house by 25 percent, from 30 percent up to 55 percent with respect to the implementation of a legislative amendment carried out by the ministry of housing.

Assessment of retail supply chain using Graph theory and matrix approach

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-322.pdf

Title: Assessment of retail supply chain using Graph theory and matrix approach

Authors: Utkarsh Malik, Prateek Gaba, Parth Sharma, Mohd Tayyab, Ranganath M. Singari

Abstract: Supply chain is one the forming pillars of the product-based industry in today's world. From the online retail companies like Amazon, EBay, Flipkart, Alibaba to brick and mortar based business firms likes Walmart, big bazar, Easyday, all depend heavily on their supply chains for their growth and sustainability. Supply chain includes all the activities starting from the procurement of the raw materials to the delivery of the final products. Any changes in the supply chain affect each link directly. The following is a research on the retail supply chain industry with the motive of discovering the factors affecting this supply chain. Supply chain of a retail industry is an end to end process including planning, monitoring and controlling all the activities being carried out in the supply chain. The magnitude of affect these factors produce on the supply chain is reviewed by the industry experts on a Likert scale of 1-5. The data collected will then be processed using factor analysis method to find the most affecting factors. Out of the 25 factors, the latent 10 factors were identified and reliability analysis was carried out on it to test data consistency. On these important factors Graph Matrix Theory approach is applied to arrange the factors on the basis of their importance. 


Fuzzy-Stochastic Multi-Objective Supply Chain Coordination Models

Posted      :  15th Apr  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-323.pdf

Title: Fuzzy-Stochastic Multi-Objective Supply Chain Coordination Models

Authors: Nguyen Van Hop

Abstract: In this paper, we propose composite stochastic measure and fuzzy dominance degree to de-randomize and de-fuzzify fuzzy stochastic variables. These measures are then applied to solve the fuzzy stochastic profit sharing in long-term contracts for supply chain coordination problem with fuzzy cost, stochastic demand, and stochastic budget. These measures help to cover all shape characteristics as well as reflect the relative relationship between fuzzy numbers. We develop a new multi-item multi-objective manufacturer-retailer supply chain model that composes variance and expected profit in the objectives instead of setting allowance risk tolerances in the constraints. These allowances are easy to be biased. The proposed approach gives better results in both terms of supply chain profit and budget utilization. In addition, we extend our model to the more general case of all fuzzy stochastic cost, demand, and budget. The obtained solutions are very promising.                         

Smart City Brake Support System

Posted      :  15 April  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-324.pdf

Title: Smart City Brake Support System

Authors: Kalpana Gupta, Vishnu Govil, Vishal Choudhary, Shivam Singh,  Nishu Yadav,  Manjusha

Abstract: In today’s fast and busy, work driven environment, the most important thing that the automobile industries are concerned about is the increasing number of road accidents that occur and hence generates a need of a “smart brake support system”. As the name suggests, it will consist of different sensors to control the speed of the vehicle or stop it on a levelled road or on an inclined plane. The ultrasonic sensor has been used to detect the presence of any obstacle both in front as well as in the rear of the vehicle, an inclinom eter has been used to measure the gradient of the slope and a microcontroller is used to control the r.p.m of the motor. All these sensors has been installed to ensure the safety of the passengers as well as that of the vehicle so that brakes can be applied on the right time on calculating the braking distance and reaction distance .           


Parametric Analysis of Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle Working on Zeotropic Mixture of R600a/DME

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-325.pdf

Title:  Parametric Analysis of Geothermal Organic Rankine  Cycle Working on Zeotropic  Mixture  of R600a/DME 

Authors: Shubham Pandey, Ankit Dwivedi, Shadab Ahmad, Akhilesh Arora

Abstract: Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is preferred to convert low temperature geothermal energy to electricity. Selection working fluids and optimization system parameters are two main approaches to improve the performance of ORC system. Zeotropic mixtures show promise as ORC working fluids owing to better match between the working fluid and the heat source/sink temperatures. This study optimizes the evaporator inlet temperature of mixture R600a/ Di-Methyl-Ether (R600a/DME) for various mass fractions to maximize the net work output and compare the thermal efficiency and exergetic efficiency of system for geothermal water temperature of 393K. Irreversibility in each component of system and mass flow rate of mixture are also found in this analysis by varying mass fraction of R600a. It was found that R600a/DME (0.8/0.2) gives the maximum net work output corresponding to 343K inlet temperature to evaporator. Among all selected proportions, R600a/DME (0.6/0.4) has both maximum thermal efficiency and maximum exergetic efficiency corresponding to 373k inlet temperature to evaporator. Irreversibility present in evaporator is minimum for mass fraction 0.6 of R600a. Mass flow rate of mixture increases with mass fraction of R600a up to 0.6 and then become approximately constant.


Development and Graphical Analysis of a Center Board Reciprocating Part Feeding System

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-326.pdf

Title: Development and Graphical Analysis of a Center Board Reciprocating Part Feeding System

Authors: Saksham Mahajan, Jatin Garg, Pradeep Khanna

Abstract: Advanced industrial production systems require a high degree of automation for feeding and handling of small individual components. Small part feeding in automated assembly lines at desired rate and in desired orientation has now become the need of the hour [3]. This has led to the development of committed mechanized feeding systems which can be integrated with the assembly line to not only reduce the cycle time of the operation but also bring down the labor cost [2]. The current industrial setup consists of a wide variety of part feeding systems, but only a limited quality research has been conducted [2]. The present study deals with the design, fabrication and performance analysis of a reciprocating part feeding system for handling small cylindrical components during assembly operations. The system consists of a reciprocating mechanism which direct the components towards the chute in required orientation at a high feed rate. This work would prove to be of considerable importance for feeding similar industrial components on assembly lines where the feed rate has to be synchronized with the required rate of the process [4].

Comparison studies on Mechanical properties of Hybrid Metal matrix composite

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-327.pdf

Title:  Comparison studies on Mechanical properties of Hybrid Metal matrix composite

Authors: Ravi  Butola,  Dadge  Mukesh  Shamrao, Ranganath  M. Singari

Abstract: In this study, experiments have been conducted to develop Hybrid matrix composite (HMMC) reinforced with natural fibres which include Rice Husk Ash (RHA), Ground Nut Ash (GSA), and other reinforcement like SiC, Graphite. Different reinforcements have different effects on hybrid metal matrix composite. In this paper we have optimize it with the help of software called Quantum XL.Which utilizes the Design of experiment technique for the optimization. Such optimization process is necessary for the improvement in the properties of hybrid metal matrix composites. The main effects plot for Fracture Toughness, specific strength and percentage elongation. Properties like hardness, ultimate tensile strength, fracture toughness etc have been studied rigorously and been summarise. The results obtained from this study will help us to decide that in what proportion of the various reinforcement should be mixed.

The study of the Blending Techniques used for making Nanofluids and their Characterization– A Review

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-328.pdf

Title:  The study of the Blending Techniques used for making Nanofluids and their Characterization- A Review

Authors: Sumit Choudhary*, R C Singh, Rajiv Chaoudhary

Abstract: Nanoparticles have emerged as a new category of materials having better physical, chemical and mechanical properties than their macro particles. Nanoparticles are mixed in some base fluid to make the nanofluid which is having improved properties than the basic fluid. The nanofluids exhibit better heat transfer, anticorrosive, lower density, erosion resistance, low vapor pressure and better tribological properties. The type of blending technique used for making the nanofluid is very important as the stability of the nanofluid depends on it. In the current study various blending techniques have been discussed for various nanoparticles like metallic, nonmetallic and mixture of nanoparticles. The aim of the review is to compare the various blending techniques and try to find the optimum blending techniques for different conditions. The techniques for the characterization of nanofluid like Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV–Vis spectrophotometer, Zeta potential test, Sediment photograph capturing, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) have also been discussed briefly.

Emergence of Nano Particles and its Impact in Engineering Applications: A Review

Posted      :  15 July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-329.pdf

Title:  Emergence of Nano Particles and its Impact in Engineering Applications: A Review

Authors: Anurag Sharma*, Ranganath M Singari, R C Singh

Abstract: The ever increasing demand of more reliable products, extremely fine quality of texture, surface finish, appealing appearance and more closer tolerance limits have improved the working standards with measuring scales from inches to millimetres, millimetres  to micro level, micro level to nano level. Nano particles of size 1- 100 X10-9  m. By using nano particles , the gap between between molecules get filled with uniform pattern of bonding. Presently, in every field nano technology is used for example fabrication  and testing of semi conductors, metal, metal oxides, composite materials, machining processes, medical applications, bio mechanics, bio technology, space technology, submarines etc. Nano particles play important role in improving the characteristics with  properties in material fabrication and manufacturing processes  with the aim of progressive , constant improvement from better to the best.

Surface Hardness Study in Hybrid Spark Assisted Abrasive Flow Machining Process

Posted      :  15  July  2018 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2018-07-330.pdf

Title:  Surface Hardness Study in Hybrid Spark Assisted Abrasive Flow Machining Process

Authors: Parvesh Ali*, Ranganath M. S, Qasim Murtaza,  R. S Walia

Abstract: In recent times due to industrial revolution, products with better life cycle and performance are highly demanded. Abrasive Flow Machining is a finishing technique used for the polishing of the complex surface. Although this process provides better surface integrity but even though there is a scope of achieving better surface finish by increasing the material removal. This paper discuss  about a newly developed  hybrid technique that uses spark energy for melting the workpiece surface and corresponded easy removal of material from the surface. The effect of various parameters (i.e pressure, duty cycle and current intensity) on the micro hardness was also studied.