IJAPIE

VOLUME-2 ISSUE-3


International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Volume 2 Issue 3



 

 

Design and Development of Braking and Transmission Systems of an Electrically Powered All-Terrain Vehicle

Posted      :  25  July  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-311.pdf

Title: Design and Development of Braking and Transmission Systems of an Electrically Powered All-Terrain Vehicle

Authors: Puneet Bhatia1 , Rishabh Dua2 , Umar Farooq3 , Shantanu Rajora4, P. K. Jain5, Ranganath M. Singari6

Abstract: Image Processing (Machine Vision) has gained a lot of interest among the research community especially in monitoring vehicle speed in today’s era. Apart from vehicle detection, tracking and its motion estimation, this algorithm can be used to monitor the traffic condition along the road or highway and anti-collision systems as well. A MATLAB algorithm is proposed and developed to associate the developed algorithm with real-time video sequence and images. The project aims to design an Electric All-Terrain Vehicle (EATV), namely eBAJA. Our goal is to design, develop and analyze a single seat, all terrain, sporting vehicle whose structure contains the driver. While sizeable research has been conducted in all-terrain vehicles powered by Petrol and diesel engines, no major research has been done in the development of ATVs powered by sustainable energy sources. As gas prices fluctuate and environmental concerns continue to be pushed to the forefront, we hear more and more about electric ATVs. For most people, however, electric off-road vehicles are still part of the great unknown. The vehicle is to be a prototype for a reliable, maintainable, ergonomic and economic production vehicle which serves a recreational user market. The vehicle should aspire to market leading performance in terms of speed, handling and ruggedness over rough terrain and off road conditions. The design report focuses towards explaining the procedure, methodology and calculations involved and utilized in designing the off road electrically powered vehicle.

Modification in layout of the plant of Heavy Industry: An effort towards Productivity Improvement

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-312.pdf

Title: Modification in layout of the plant of Heavy Industry: An effort towards Productivity Improvement

Authors: Ram Prakash1 , Ashish Agrawal2

Abstract: The study has been conducted in a heavy job type small scale industry located at Meerut road Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, which manufactures complete part of the Sugar mill. While manufacturing the parts, there are two modes of material handling. One is with the help of hand trolley while other is with the help of power (Diesel) trolley. The Existing Plant Layout of the Company has been designed in such a way that there is no optimum utilization of the resources. Travel Chart Technique is applied to minimize wastes of time, manpower and money and to generate higher profits for the same work from the same resources .Two improved layout have been developed by considering the material handling costs , First Improved layout is developed by making only one change [ Raw Material storage Section ( A) and Machine Shop –2 ( C ) are interchanged there positions ] to existing layout , This reduces the materials handling costs by Rs.528.84 per day for hand trolley and Rs.248.4 per day for diesel trolley, Second Improvement layout is developed by making one more change  [ Assembly section ( F ) and Machine shop- 3 ( E ) are interchanged there positions ]  to the first Improved layout . It reduces the material handling costs by Rs. 711.67 per day for hand trolley and Rs. 146.66 per day for diesel trolley.

The Use of Rubber Damaged Tires  in the Concrete : A Review

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-313.pdf

Title: The Use of Rubber Damaged Tires  in the Concrete : A Review

Authors: Imad Abid Khalhen1 , Fathi.M*2

Abstract: Rubber is produced excessively worldwide every year. It cannot be discharge off easily in the environment as its decomposition takes much time and also produces environmental pollution. In such a case the reuse of rubber would be a better choice. In order to reuse rubber wastes, it was added to concrete as coarse aggregate and its different properties like compressive strength, Tensile strength, ductility etc. The aim of this paper is to compare and study the effect of rubber content on compressive strength of concrete. Rubber concrete  has some known shortcomings in mechanical performance compared to conventional concrete, particularly with respect to compressive strength. Many previous researchers have tried to overcome the material deficiencies using different methods such as pre-treatment.  The bond between rubber and matrix could be improved, a degree of load transfer to the rubber could be achieved and the reduction in strength compressive mitigated. This has been the driving force for investigation by a number of workers for applying surface pretreatments to rubber. for The effectiveness increase of using rubber in concrete,  the   chemical pre-treatment of rubber particles using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution.  some of results reported  less positive or contradictory   from these approaches. 

 

Design and Development of Braking and Transmission Systems of an Electrically Powered All-Terrain Vehicle

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-314.pdf

Title: Design and Development of Braking and Transmission Systems of an Electrically Powered All-Terrain Vehicle

Authors: Rishabh Dua1 , Puneet Bhatia2, P. K. Jain3, Ranganath M. Singari4

Abstract: The project aims to design an Electric All-Terrain Vehicle (EATV), namely eBAJA. Our goal is to design, develop and analyze a single seat, all terrain, sporting vehicle whose structure contains the driver. While sizeable research has been conducted in all-terrain vehicles powered by petrol and diesel engines, no major research has been done in the development of ATVs powered by sustainable energy sources. The vehicle is to be a prototype for a reliable, maintainable, ergonomic and economic production vehicle which serves a recreational user market. The vehicle should aspire to market leading performance in terms of speed, handling and ruggedness over rough terrain and off road conditions. The design report focuses towards explaining the procedure, methodology and calculations involved and utilized in designing the off road electrically powered vehicle.

 

UPVT measurements on effect of superplasticizers on early strength of cement mortars in normal and aggressive environments

 

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-315.pdf

Title: UPVT measurements on effect of superplasticizers on early strength of cement mortars in normal and aggressive environments

Authors: Abhishek Singh1, Shobha Ram2, Alok Verma3

Abstract: Cement mortar is a building material made by blending sand and cement with a predefined measure of water. This paper has made an attempt to make UPVT measurement on effects of superplasticizeron early strength of cement mortars in normal and acidic aggressive environments. In this test, the quality and nature of material is evaluated by measuring the speed of an ultrasonic pulse going through a solid structure. Superplasticizer is also added in cement mortars to study its effect via UPVT measurements. Superplasticizer is an admixture which reduces the water-cement ratio or increase the workability at the same water content. It can be concluded that ahigher speed demonstrates a better quality of the material.

 Cost Analysis With Improving Efficiency in Mechanical Kinetic Energy Recovery System 

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-316.pdf

Title: Cost Analysis With Improving Efficiency in Mechanical Kinetic Energy Recovery System

Authors: Raghvendra Gautam*, Vipin Khandelwal, Vipul Nigam, Vivek Gemini , Vivek Dev

Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to design a Flywheel Based Kinetic Energy Recovery System for storing the kinetic energy of a vehicle otherwise lost during braking and transmitting this stored energy to the drive train when the vehicle accelerates. The rising fuel prices along with increased CO2 and NOx emissions prompted us to look into this area of research. This paper provides a basic structure of the system and a driver program for the whole system. This research also studies the energy feasibility, improvement in fuel efficiency and cost feasibility of the whole system. DS Solidworks has been used for designing the model. MATLAB has been used for formulation of plots on Fuel Consumption. The driver program has been formulated on JAVA. Improvement in fuel efficiency has been calculated for a drive cycle for Pune City.

 

Analysis of Microstructure, Microhardness, Tensile Strength and Wear Properties of Al 6082/SiC composites fabricated by single, double and triple passes via Friction Stir Processing (FSP)

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-317.pdf

Title: Analysis of Microstructure, Microhardness, Tensile Strength and Wear Properties of Al 6082/SiC composites fabricated by single, double and triple passes via Friction Stir Processing (FSP)

Authors: Ranganath M Singari*, Vishnu Rajendran , Vivek Chauhan , Yashpal Singh, Yogesh Chowdhary

Abstract: High strength-to-weight ratio, light weight and various thermal, mechanical and recycling properties makes aluminum alloys an ideal choice for various industrial applications in sectors as varied as aeronautics, automotive, beverage containers, construction and energy transportation. Due to the rapid injection of molten aluminum into metal moulds under high pressure, casting defects and an abnormal structure, such as cold flake, are easily formed in the base metal. These defects significantly degrade the mechanical properties of the base metal. In order to satisfy the recent demands of advanced engineering applications, Aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) have emerged as a promising alternative. Aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) are light weight high performance aluminum centric material systems which consist of a discrete constituent (the reinforcement) which is distributed in a continuous phase (the matrix). Among the various metal matrix composites manufacturing and forming methods, Friction Stir Processing (FSP) has gained recent attention. Friction stir processing is a solid-state microstructural modification technique which locally eliminates casting defects and refines microstructures resulting in improved strength and ductility, increase resistance to corrosion and fatigue, increase in hardness and formability. This project aims at analyzing the microstructure, microhardness, tensile strength and wear properties of Al 6082/SiC composites fabricated by single, double and triple passes via Friction Stir Processing. The experiment was conducted on the Friction stir welding / processing machine. Rotational speed, processing speed, axial force and tool pin profile were identified as the main parameters that influence the mechanical properties of the composite. The effects of processing parameters on the mechanical properties of composite were analyzed in detail. The ultimate tensile strength of the processed material came out to be lesser than the parent material and the results showed that with the increase in the number of passes, the tensile properties of composites including ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and yield strength (YS) improved. A general trend for wear rate was observed in which the wear rate decreased with the increase in the number of passes for the prepared metal matrix composite. The hardness results showed that the specimen with maximum number of passes showed maximum hardness with the average value of 100HV whereas the parent material without any processing had an average of 60HV hardness value. Microstructure analysis revealed that as the number of passes increased, it produced a more homogeneous composition of the specimen due the presence of fine and equiaxed grains.

 

Study of Biological Response into a Quantifiable and Processable Signal Using Earthworm as a Bio-receptor-An Overview

 

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-318.pdf

Title:  Study of Biological Response into a Quantifiable and Processable Signal Using Earthworm as a Bio-receptor-An Overview

Authors: Ankita Rai1, Dipankar Mishra2

Abstract: A biosensor is an analytical device that makes use of biological reaction of biochemical molecule for detecting the target analyte and converts such biological response into a form of signal that can be measured easily. It uses a specific biochemical reactions to detect chemical compounds present in given biological samples such as soil, water, blood, etc. This article deals with the principles and operation of biosensor, their existing and potential applications in the environment monitoring, food analysis and agricultural industries and to observe the effect of oxygen, moisture and soil pollutants on the behavior of an important decomposer i.e. earthworms which are used as a bio-receptor. By making use of earthworm as a bioreceptor, one can take preventive measures to control soil pollution at an early stage and can also maintain the ecological balance of the ecosystem. The bio-accumulative ability of earthworms can be utilized in a fruitful way and thus earthworm could be a useful living organism for the bio-monitoring of soil pollution.

 

Harmonic Reduction in Power Distribution Network using UPQC

Posted      :  25  July    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-07-319.pdf

Title: Harmonic Reduction in Power Distribution Network using UPQC

Authors: J.N.Rai*, Ram Bhagat

Abstract: Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) is a versatile custom power device. It consists of two VSCs connected back-to-back to compensate for both distorted Point at Common Coupling (PCC) voltage and supply current imperfections. UPQC is designed to prevent the harmonics injected by the non-linear load from entering the source terminal. Regulation of voltage at the point of common coupling is carried out by series connected converter. SRF based current control method is used for current compensation by the shunt device. Hysteresis voltage control technique is used for shunt compensation by the series device which simultaneously acts as shunt and series active power filters. Maintaining a constant value for dc link voltage is essential for UPQC to perform normally which is carried out by shunt connected VSC. MATLAB based simulation is carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.