IJAPIE

VOLUME-2 ISSUE-2


International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Volume 2 Issue 2


 

An Analysis of Selected Parameters in an Energy Efficient Sustainable Manufacturing System Using AHP

Posted      :  25  April  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-211.pdf

Title: An Analysis of Selected Parameters in an Energy Efficient Sustainable Manufacturing System Using AHP

Authors: Subrata Kumar Patra*1, Tilak Raj2, B.B. Arora3

Abstract: Sustainability has taken a pivotal role to enhance the business opportunities by means of producing eco-friendly products using sustainable manufacturing practices. In order to survive in the global competitive market, the need of the hour is to focus on sustainable manufacturing practices. This is furthermore required due to scarcity of natural resources, increased cost of labor/raw material/ machinery/energy, stringent government norms/regulations, higher aspirations of consumers and the like. Increased global competition is forcing the manufacturers to shift towards eco-friendly products - sustainable manufacturing is the pathway in this direction. This paper will aim to analyze some selected parameters in an energy efficient Sustainable Manufacturing system. In the present work Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) has been used as a decision making technique.

The joint properties for friction stir welding of Aluminum pipes

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-212.pdf

Title: The joint properties for friction stir welding of Aluminum pipes

Authors: Ibraheem Sabry*1, Ahmed. M. El-Kassas 2, A.M. Khourshid 3, H. M. Hindawy4

Abstract: This work presents a systematic approach to the use of friction stir welding for joining pipes   Al 6061 aluminium alloy welding was performed on the pipe with different thickness 2 to 4mm, rotational speeds 485 to 1800 RPM and a traverse speed 4 to 10mm/min was applied.  The Mechanical properties of welded joints were investigated using different mechanical tests including non-destructive test (visual inspection) and destructive test (tensile strength and hardness  ).This paper presents the optimization of friction stir welding for pipe and also highlights the influence of material thickness, rotation speed and travel speed on mechanical properties of FSW 6061 Al alloy. The resultant friction stir welding efficiency increases with increase rotation speed and decreases travel speed and material thickness.

Analysis of Deep Drawing Process- A Review   

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-213.pdf

Title: Analysis of Deep Drawing Process- A Review                

Authors: K.K.Pathak*1, Vikas Kumar Anand

Abstract: Deep drawing is a class of sheet metal forming process used for manufacturing of cups, beverage cans etc. In recent years, it has got a very high industrial importance. Design of material, geometrical and processing parameters for deep drawing is a crucial step. Most of the time these parameters are designed based on shop floor experiences and trial and error approach. But in recent years computer simulation based designs have become very popular. Huge amount researches, on various aspects of deep drawing, have been carried out worldwide.  While doing a literature survey on the topic, we found only one survey article (Jaroslav Mackerle, 2004). Unfortunately that too is not reviewed. This study is an attempt to present a collection of more that 270 latest articles with critical review. It is hoped, this review work will help cut short the time of literature survey of researchers working in this field.

 

A Review of friction stirs welding plate and pipes

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-214.pdf

Title: A Review of friction stirs welding plate and pipes

Authors: Karan eren*

Abstract: Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a comparatively new joining process that has exhibited many advantages over traditional arc welding processes, including greatly reducing distortion and eliminating solidification. Friction stir welding used to join high strength joints aluminum pipes. The present work explains review and overview of Friction stir welding pipes and plate which contain the basic connotation of the process, mechanical properties and Suggested model in FSW process. This paper gives the review of basic concepts of Friction Stir Welding for pipes and plates on process parameters. It is established that FSW of aluminum pipes is appropriate an increasingly overripe technology with many commercial applications.

 

Assessment of Academic Departments Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-215.pdf

Title: Assessment of Academic Departments Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Authors: Sushil Yadav*,  Lakshay,  Chitransh Joshi,  Mandeep Singh Gurmeet Singh Bhatia ,   Ranganath M. Singari,      Nand Kumar

Abstract: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a relatively new data-oriented approach for evaluating the technical efficiency of a set of peer entities called Decision Making Units (DMUs). A college administration benefits from measurement of relative efficiency of their departments for guiding and supporting inefficient departments. In this study,  efficiency measurement of some academic departments within an University. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach is used for measurement. CCR (Charnes et al. 1978) model of Data Envelopment analysis has been applied for assessing the efficiency of different academic departments using the software “Frontier Analyst”. Furthermore, after applying this model for assessment of academic departments efficiency, it was found that Biotechnology Department (Efficiency- 54.8%), Applied Physics Department (Efficiency-89.4%), Civil Department (Efficiency-93.8%), and ECE Department (Efficiency-99.4%) are   inefficient Decision Making Units.

A study on Identifying the Causes of Lean Manufacturing Waste and Eliminating them using Lean Tools 

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-216.pdf

Title: A study on Identifying the Causes of Lean Manufacturing Waste and Eliminating them using Lean Tools

Authors: Hemant Kumar*, Karan Kumar , Jai Rohilla, Mohit Tyagi, Ranganath M. Singari

Abstract: The Lean Manufacturing was developed by Toyota Motor company to address their specific needs in a restricted market in times of economic trouble. These concepts have been studied and proven to be transferrable and applicable to a wide variety of industries. This paper aims to Identify the Causes of Lean Manufacturing Waste and Eliminating them using Lean Tools by various managerial operations, organizational culture, environmental management and various lean activities. We thoroughly describe the lean tools which Toyota production system uses for lean manufacturing and also their general principles. A tabular representation of lean activities is presented and their affect on the production optimization. Further we describe the tools i.e. lean tools which are set of operations which when Implemented on the problem area will be able to remove the non value adding process and thus increases the efficiency. For every problem which we encounter in the production system can have corresponding lean tools by which we can cure them and optimize the production.

 

Study of Parametric Effects on Floating and stable Equilibrium Lengths of Composite Cylinder of Uniform Cross-Section in water

Posted     :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-02-217.pdf

Title: Study of Parametric Effects on Floating and stable Equilibrium Lengths of Composite Cylinder of Uniform Cross-Section in water

Authors: G. D. Gokak*  M.V.Nagarhalli2 R. J. Naik1


Abstract: Floating and stable equilibrium conditions are pronounced in most of the fluid statics applications. In this article a uniform cross sectional wooden cylinder attached with metallic plate at the bottom placed in water is considered and variation of the floating and stable equilibrium lengths of wooden section with various parameters such as diameter of the cylinder, thickness of the metallic plate, specific gravity of the metallic plate with appropriate interval are theoretically investigated using Engineering Equation Solver (EES). Result shows that based on the application and other constraints the designer can have an option of choosing the best combination of parameters to minimize the cost.

Effect of acidic aggressive environment on strength of mortars in early stage

Posted      :  25  April    2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-218.pdf

Title: Effect of acidic aggressive environment on strength of mortars in early stage

Authors: Shobha Ram1, Abhishek Singh2, Alok Verma3

Abstract: This paper presents the result of experimental investigation on strength of mortars in early stage in acidic aggressive environment. Cement mortar is a building compound made by blending sand and cement with a predefined measure of water. Superplasticizer is also added in cement mortars to study its effect on compressive strength. Mortar specimens were prepared in different proportions with and without superplasticizer and their effect on compressive strength is noted in acidic aggressive environment. Superplasticizer is a admixture which reduced the water-cement ratio or increase the workability at same water content.

 

Using Design for Variety and Axiomatic Design to Architect Automotive Underbody

Posted      :  25  April  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-219.pdf

Title: Using Design for Variety and Axiomatic Design to Architect Automotive Underbody

Authors: Mohammad Hassan Shojaeefarda,  Abolfazl Khalkhalib*, Abdolah Tavakoli Lahijanic

Abstract: In today's fiercely competitive automotive market, where market segments are becoming more fragmented, incorporating flexibility into product platforms brings important competitive advantages to an automotive company. It allows automakers to respond to changing market needs with minimal increase in switchover costs. Developing robust product platform architecture is critical to successfully design a flexible product platform. Underbody subsystem plays a key role in foundation of the architecture of the automotive platform. This paper uses Axiomatic Design (AD) to provide a framework for interpreting the approaches to reduction of the Generational Variety Index (GVI) and Coupling Index (CI). Then these approaches are applied in studying the architecture of automotive underbody. This paper utilizes these prescriptive approaches to aid in developing an automotive underbody architecture that incorporates standardization and modularization in order to reduce future design costs and efforts. Application of the intuitive approaches to the automotive underbody resulted in remarkable reduction of generational and coupling indices. Then these changes are incorporated into the automotive underbody to make it more robust to future market and design changes.

Design and Analysis of Progressive Die Using Finite Element Method

Posted      :  25  April  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-02-220.pdf

Title: Design and Analysis of Progressive Die Using Finite Element Method

Authors: Dinesh Kumar Kushwaha1, S.S Banwait2, Husain Mehdi1

Abstract: Historically, Early man had made use of wooden  die to carve bricks. Since then, dies had been used in industries, especially for sheet métal and other forming operations.  Progressive dies are forming tool comprises of two or more stations performing different operations. The raw material travels from first station to last to get transformed into the finished product. In this work an industrial problem at Anand Tracks and Field (P) Limited, regarding the shell manufacturing of discus throw was identified. The problem in shell manufacturing was regarding the concentricity of shell. The shell after being manufactured was not found exactly concentric; it means that the shell show some degree of straightness at the ends. Welding operation was then used to join the two ends so as to ensure the concentricity of the shell which, consequently increased the manufacturing lead time as well as labor cost. The problems encountered in the company was solved by designing a progressive die and it was suggested to change the raw material, instead of rod, plate was proposed to produce the shell. In this work, three stages of die design had been done. In the first phase, conventional designs had been done and the induced stresses were checked out. In second phase, the die and punch assembly was developed by using CATIA V5 R 20 software. Eventually, the drawing had been imported in ANSYS 14.0 software; a finite element method analysis software to check the stresses induced.