IJAPIE

IJAPIE VOLUME-2 ISSUE-1



International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Volume 2 Issue 1


 


Evaluation of Efficiency of Automobile Manufacturing Companies in India Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Posted      :  25  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-01-111.pdf

Title       :  Evaluation of Efficiency of Automobile Manufacturing Companies in India Using Data Envelopment Analysis

Authors:   Nand Kumar*, Ankur Satya, Ranganath M. Singari      

Abstract:  This study seeks to measure and evaluate the efficiency of Automobile manufacturing companies in India using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methodology. DEA is a methodology for evaluating and measuring the relative efficiencies of a set of decision making units (DMUs) that use multiple inputs and outputs. DEA provides management with information regarding the most efficient Automobile manufacturing companies in the observation set and identifies the relatively inefficient companies by comparison with the most efficient ones. Also, it indicates the magnitude of these inefficiencies.

Bare Tool Design to Overcome Overcut Problem in ECM Process

Posted      :  25  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-01-112.pdf

Title       : Bare Tool Design to Overcome Overcut Problem in ECM Process

Authors:  Dadge Mukesh Shamrao*, Ravi Butola, Ranganath M. Singari

Abstract: Electro-chemical machining (ECM) is one of the mass production method for machining of hard and tough alloys. Drilling a straight with a bare tool contributes to side machining also.Hence taper is observed. One of the solutions is to provide side insulation but in this paper bare tool is designed to reduce overcut without insulation. The Electrochemical machining (drilling) has been studied experimentally with the existing bare step tool-1 (electrolyte copper ) and EN8 work material considering with overcut and operating parameters like feed rate, gap length between cathode and anode and voltage. A new bare taper tool (tool-2) has been made to reduce the overcut and bottom diameter has been reduced but overall overcut remain same then again A new taper tool (tool-3) made to reduce the overcut and it reduced to 0.8 mm concerning with bottom diameter. Final curve fitting is done with regression equation.

Eminence of Filler Materials on Metallurgical and Mechanical Properties of GMAW Single Pass SA 240 Grade 304L Weld Joints        

Posted      :  25  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-01-113.pdf

Title       : Eminence of Filler Materials on Metallurgical and Mechanical Properties of GMAW Single Pass SA 240 Grade 304L Weld Joints    

Authors: Rati Saluja1, K M Moeed2

Abstract: This analysis is accomplished to characterise significance of ferrite proportion in single pass GMAW on SA 240 Grade AISI 304L austenitic stainless steel welds and its emphasis on microstructural and mechanical properties. These welds were obtained by employing AWS 5.9 AISI 308L, 308LSi and 308 H filler wires. This study intends to divulge the mechanics of austenitic and ferrite microstructure formation and also to institute criterion for its recognition. The investigation was conducted on Grade 304L weld and base material samples using optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microhardness measurements, ferrite measurement and tensile testing. The results revealed that microstructure of fusion zones exhibited a dendrite structure (skeletal and lathy ferrite) weld microstructure and the failure was attributed due to stress corrosion cracking. During tensile strength investigation, weld samples were fractured from heat affected zone.

 

Investigations of Fluid Flow and Convective Heat Transfer in Wavy Micro-Channel at Different Reynolds Numbers

Posted      :  25  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

File        :  IJAPIE-2017-01-114.pdf

Title       :  Investigations of Fluid Flow and Convective Heat Transfer in Wavy Micro-Channel at Different Reynolds Numbers

Authors:  Mohammad Zunaid1*, Afzal Husain2 , Anant Jindal1, Avinash Gupchup1

Abstract: Microchannels’ heat performance and overall characteristics can be improved by employing different fluid channel structures, different aspect ratios and various kinds of coolants. In this study a microchannel with a wavy fluid channel is analysed for its various characteristics like heat transfer and pressure drop. The conjugate heat transfer problem is solved for different values of Reynolds number. For three dimensional analysis the geometry is created in CAD software Solidworks and then imported in ANSYS for CFD simulation. The simulation model is first validated by comparing the computational results for straight microchannel with that of the experimental results. They are found to be in great agreement with the experimental results. A constant heat flux of 100 W/m2 is applied at the heat sink bottom. With water taken as coolant and copper as material for heat sink, the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics are analysed for different Reynolds numbers. It is found that both heat transfer and pressure drop increased with the employment of wavy channel as compared to straight microchannel for all values of Reynolds numbers.

 

Total Error Analysis Role of Predicting Mechanical Properties By Friction Stir Welded Aluminum pipes

Posted      : 25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-115.pdf

Title: Total Error Analysis Role of Predicting Mechanical Properties By Friction Stir Welded Aluminum pipes

Authors: Ibraheem Sabry1*,Ahmed. M. El-Kassas2 ,A.M. Khourshid3 and H. M. Hindawy4

Abstract: Aluminum can't successfully be arc welded in an air environment, due to the affinity for oxygen. If fusion welded in normal atmosphere oxidization readily happens and this outcome in both slag inclusion and porosity in the weld, greatly reducing its mechanical properties. To overcome these problems one of the most common ways of welding aluminum has been to a suggestion the friction stir welding.To work in this area needs to do a tremendous amount of experience and this thesis has provided general Specification of the process of friction stir welding pipes using three methods regression analysis (RA),Response surface methodology(RSM) and artificial neural networks (ANN) to infer the mechanical properties has this Specification so for the thickness of 2 to 4 mm, depending on the rotational speed from 485 to 1800(RPM) travel speed from 4 to 10 (mm/mintowork  comparative  between three method ( (RA),(RSM) and (ANN)) through total error.

 

Application and choosing strategies using SWOT analysis and QSPM Matrix: A case study of AL-MURSALAT mobile phones complex     

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-116.pdf

Title: Application and choosing strategies using SWOT analysis and QSPM Matrix: A case study of AL-MURSALAT mobile phones complex

Authors: Sulieman Hatamilah

Abstract: The aim of this research is to discuss and find a solution through figure out a strategy using SWOT based QSPM for three issues involved in AL-MURSALAT cellphones complex as follow: 1- 95% of workforce in this complex is non-Saudi national citizen, 2- estimated daily sales is 30 million Saudi riyal, 3- Saudi ministry of labor’s plan to substitution Saudi citizens instead of foreigners. Many firms around the world conducting a SWOT analysis as part of their strategic planning. This is the process to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats before proceeding to the formulation of their long and short term strategy. This research seeks to identify the SWOT variables to make better strategic planning through empirical study. After identifying thirty one SWOT variables, and all managerial level and supervisory level (55) staff members were surveyed by interview method in Al-Mursalat mobile phones complex in Riyadh middle of Saudi Arabia.                                                                                                                                   

 

Mechanical Characterization of SA-508Gr3 and SS-304L Steel Weldments

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-117.pdf

Title: Mechanical Characterization of SA-508Gr3 and SS-304L Steel Weldments

Authors: Husain Mehdi1*, Shwetanshu Gaurav1,Teetu Kumar2, Prasoon Sharma2

Abstract: In order to utilize the hybrid structure and reduce the cost and weight of the components, the use of dissimilar metals is increasing day by day in most of the industries. Such metals are widely used in defense, aviation, automobile industries and power transmission sector as combination of these metals gives excellent mechanical properties such as high resistance to corrosion, high strength to weight ratio etc. Dissimilarmaterials of carbon steel SA-508Gr3 and stainless steel type SS304 L are widely used in nuclear power plants, petrochemicals, where the weldment are usually subjected to hot corrosion. This work deals with the assessment of mechanical properties of these bimetallic joints obtained by gas tungsten arc welding using SS308L and SS309L filler material. Hardness and tensile test were conducted to measure the micro hardness and tensile properties. The maximum hardness 37.5 and 27.5 were found in the weld joint for buttering and without buttering respectively, whereas ultimate tensile strength was found 547.67 MPa for buttering.

 

FSP Parametric Analysis and Optimisation for Tensile Strength and Hardness Properties in Copper-Graphite Surface Composites using Taguchi Techniques

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-118.pdf

Title: FSP Parametric Analysis and Optimisation for Tensile Strength and Hardness Properties in Copper-Graphite Surface Composites using Taguchi Techniques

 

Authors: V. Jeganathan Arulmoni1, R.S. Mishra2

Abstract: Friction Stir Processing (FSP) enhances the mechanical properties such as ductility and hardness of base metal as investigated by several investigators. This paper presents the study of FSP, to produce Cu–graphite composite, and investigate the effect of process parameters such as tool rotational speed, feed and tilt angle. Effect of graphite content on tensile strength and hardness of the composite has been investigated along with the change in tensile strength and hardness in conjunction with various process parameters. The Taguchi Design of Experiments (DOE) technique has been employed for the parameter optimization. Results showed that the tool rotational speed is the significant parameter followed by feed, and tool tilt angle.

 

Transportation Strategies of Parking Supply and Usage Analysis

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-119.pdf

Title: Transportation Strategies of Parking Supply and Usage Analysis

Authors: Ahmed A. Bakhsh

Abstract: The demand for parking often exceeds the available supply. Off-street parking is limited and on-street parking is restricted, particularly in the city center. Parking supply is restricted by thousands of derelict, abandoned automobiles taking-up curb side parking space. Consequently, drivers stop in the middle of the street to unload passengers or cargo, creating additional congestion. This problem is exacerbated by the poor management of parking resources and often leads to double and triple parking. Robust parking management is necessary to achieve a good quality of life. A description of the proposed approach and recommendations that demonstrates the performance is provided.


Power Transformer Wire Estimate

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-120.pdf

Title: Power Transformer Wire Estimate

Authors: Angelo B. Dalaguit*, Mary Ann L. Dalaguit

 

Abstract: This experimental study determined the weight of wire used in power supply using the laboratory technique and procedure to gather data. There were two designs with three treatments each, prepared and subjected to using the Two Way Analysis of Variance. The treatments for the first design were: one is 1 1/8 inch by 1 1/8 inch area and output voltage of 6 volts; two is 1 1/8 inch by 1 1/8 inch area and output voltage of 36 volts; three is 1 1/8 inch by 1 1/8 inch area and output voltage of 110 volts. The treatments for design number two were: one is 1/2 inch by 1/2 inch area and output voltage of 12 volts; two is 3/4 inch by 3/4 inch area and output voltage of 12 volts; three is 1 inch by 1 inch area and output voltage of 12 volts. The test result of significant differences in the effectiveness, efficiency and performance of the different treatments showed no significant difference on windings, temperature, voltage, size of the iron core, current, power, number of turns, turns per volt and force applied in winding.

A Review of Corporate Social Responsibility in India

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File        : IJAPIE-2017-01-121.pdf

Title: A Review of Corporate Social Responsibility in India

Authors: Panchali Singh

Abstract: The Indian corporations, like those in other countries, have had a long tradition of being engaged in social activities that have gone beyond meeting a corporation’s immediate financial objectives. However, since the late nineties, CSR activities have increasingly come under the lens of both policy makers as well as of corporations’ stakeholders as governance issues acquired increasing prominence. Business comes in contact with various groups of society such as owners, employees, customers, government, suppliers etc. The responsibility of business, which includes satisfaction of these parties along with the owner, is called social responsibility of business. According to Steiner “Social Responsibility implies recognition and understanding of the aspirations of society and determination to contribute towards their achievements”. Corporate social responsibility is a commitment to improve the well - being of a community. It is not charity but it is a core business strategy of an organization. It is a way which strikes a balance between economic, social and environmental imperatives. Now a day’s companies have become more transparent in their balance sheet. They are incorporating their corporate social responsibility initiative in their annual report. Companies have CSR teams that devise specific policies, strategies and goals for their CSR programs and set aside budgets to support them. Companies in India have quite been proactive in taking up CSR initiatives and integrating them in their business processes It is expected that Civil society, activist groups, Government and corporate sectors should work together to create appropriate means and avenues for the marginalized and bring them to the mainstream. The success of CSR lies in practicing it as a core part of a company’s development strategy. This paper analyzes CSR in India.

A Review on Design and Stability of Quadrotor to be used in the Precision Agriculture

Posted     :  25  Jan 2017 4:00 PM PST

File       :  IJAPIE-2017-01-122.pdf

Title: A Review on Design and Stability of Quadrotor to be used in the Precision Agriculture

Authors: Krovvidi Srinivas*, Anant Gaurav, Yamika Patel

 

Abstract: Quadcopter otherwise know as the quadrotor is the next generation of aviation devices having greater dynamic stability than the helicopters, Quadrotors are underactuated robots.. They are predominantly used in different areas like civilian purposes such as agriculture, logistics, military exercises, fire sensing and other important areas dealing with complexities such a weight and space constraints. This paper is focused on the dynamic stability and the design of quadcopter. It addresses all the aspects of quadcopter ranging from mechanical design, aerodynamics, materials to be used, applications to the electronics used, The aim of this project is to optimize the quadrotor for Agriculture purposes.