IJAPIE
We are currently accepting submissions for Special Issues on Materials & Manufacturing, Innovative Design & Computational Modelling , Operations & Supply Chain Management and Robotics & Automation

IJAPIE
Special Issue on
Materials & Manufacturing
(IJAPIE-SI-MM)




Chief Editors
Dr. Vipin
Delhi Technological University
Delhi, India

Dr. Bharat Bhusan Arora
Delhi Technological University
Delhi, India
















Editors
Dr. D. G. Mallapur 
Basaveshwar Engineering College
Bagalkot, India

Dr. Qasim Murtaja 
Aligarh Muslim University
Aligarh, India

Dr. Sudheer G Warkar 
Delhi Technological University
Delhi, India


Dr. M. S. Niranjan
Delhi Technological University,
Delhi, India

Dr. N. Yuvaraj 
Delhi Technological University
Delhi, India

Dr. Ram Singh 
Delhi Technological University
Delhi, India

Dr. I. Balasubramanian
VV College of Engineering
Tutuicorin, Tamilnadu, India

















International Journal of Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (IJAPIE) Special Issue on Materials & Manufacturing 

 

 


 

 

 

Characterization of Agglomerated Fluxes

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-501

 

 

Title       :  Characterization of Agglomerated Fluxes

 

 

Authors:   Siddharth Choudhary*, Aditya Kumar, Rohit Shandley 

 

 

Abstract:  Submerged arc welding is a fusion welding process in which the welding arc is submerged under the granular welding flux. Our purpose is to design and develop agglomerated fluxes and to study the effect of voltage and trolley speed on the hardness, toughness and metallurgical properties of the welded joint. The 22 factorial design matrix is chosen to optimize the effects and the values of the welding parameters in order to obtain best properties in the welded joint. The hardness and toughness tests help to understand the effect of the voltage and trolley speed variations on the properties of welded joints. The study of microstructures using a metallurgical microscope is helpful in understanding the results of the experiments. This paper gives a detailed explanation of how we went about our experimentation and studies.

 

 

Effect of Varying Chemical Composition on Mechanical Behaviour of Ferrous Cast Product

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-502

 

 

Title       : Effect of Varying Chemical Composition on Mechanical Behaviour of Ferrous  Cast Product

 

 

Authors: Roop Lal*,  R. C. Singh, M. S. Niranjan, Ravipal

 

 

Abstract:  In this paper, focus is to study effect of varying chemical composition on mechanical behavior of ferrous cast product. Ferrous materials occupy a significant position among engineering materials because of their chemical, physical and mechanical properties. In engineering applications, a suitable combination of these properties is required. Mechanical properties have major role among the combination of chemical, physical and mechanical properties. Steel drives its mechanical properties from a combination of chemical composition, heat treatment and manufacturing processes. Although the major constituent of steel is iron yet the addition of very small quantities of alloy elements can have a marked effect upon the properties of steel. The strength of steel can be increased by the addition of alloy elements. However these alloy elements addition can also adversely affect other properties such as ductility and weld ability. Hence, the chemical composition for each steel balanced carefully and tested to ensure that the appropriate properties are achieved. Five elements, manganese, chromium, nickel, carbon and molybdenum are selected to find their effect on mechanical behavior of alloy steel. To find the effect of any one element on mechanical properties of alloy steel, we had cast a test piece with desired chemical composition and “chemical composition v/s mechanical properties” tests were carried out. Similarly for the second test, a second test piece is casted with chemical composition slightly changing the alloy element and their effects have been found. It was observed that there is significant improvement in the mechanical properties.

 

 

Effect of  Machining Parameters on Cutting Force , Tool Wear and Surface Roughness of AISI 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel – A Review   

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-503

 

 

Title       :  Effect of  Machining Parameters on Cutting Force , Tool Wear and Surface Roughness of AISI 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel – A Review

 

 

Authors:   Md Jamil Akhtar1 , Md. Gulam Mustafa2,Ranganath M. Singari3, Shadab Ahmad 4,Parvesh Ali5

 

 

Abstract:  In this review study, the effect of important parameters of machinability like material removal rate, cutting force and surface roughness were studied. Evaluation of efficiency is based on certain process variable such as flank wear, surface roughness on the work piece, cutting forces developed, temperature developed at the tool chip interface are studied. The optimum cutting speed  the impact of cutting speed and cutting fluids on tool wear and surface roughness have been  studied during  turning an AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel using cemented carbide cutting tools. The studies have been  proved that  tool wear and surface roughness decreases with the increase in the cutting speed.

 

 

A Review on Properties of Catalyst Materials for a Three Way Catalytic Converter

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-504

 

 

Title       :  A Review on Properties of Catalyst Materials for a Three Way Catalytic Converter

 

 

Authors:  Nadim Bagwan*, Sanjay Satpute

 

 

Abstract:  The world is being aware of the automobile exhaust emissions and the need to control them. The Three Way Catalytic Converter (TWC) is found the most effective method to control the exhaust emissions. The use TWC is made mandatory in India for passenger and heavy vehicles since 1995 for exhaust emission control. The TWC has been helping in reducing exhaust emissions but still a lot of research is required to raise the emission control level and economy. The existing TWCs are capable of reducing the exhaust emissions up to 60% for Hydrocarbon (HC) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) and 50% for oxides of Nitrogen (NOx). The important part of a TWC is the materials used for catalyst, substrate and washcoating. The selection of materials is very important step which includes detailed study of their properties and characterization. Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) were found to be appropriate materials as catalyst but due to cost considerations, its use is limited. Various methods are available to characterize a material with certain properties like ageing, Gel formation, kneading, impregnation etc. The properties which are required by a catalyst are needed to be imparted on the catalyst to achieve maximum emission performance of a TWC. The study of PGMs like Zirconium, Tungsten, Rhenium etc. will surely help to enhance the reaction rate, ultimately increasing the conversion efficiency of the TWC.

 

 

Natural Filler Based Composites: A Review

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-505

 

 

Title       :  Natural Filler based Composites: A Review

 

 

Authors:   Mohd. Farhan Zafar*, M. Arif Siddiqui    

 

 

Abstract:  Due to concerned global environmental issues and better mechanical properties, fibre reinforced composites are gaining popularity in last few decades. Natural fibers have been successful in imparting to composite material certain benefits like low density, reduced machine wear compared with synthetic reinforcement materials and a lowering of associated health hazards; hence the considerable amount of research is directed towards using lignocellulosic fibers from a wide range of sources as a reinforcement component. This paper deals with the review of various researches carried out to study the effect of natural fillers on the mechanical properties of the polymer composites.

 

 

Polymer Composites for Industrial Safety Helmets: A Review

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-506

 

 

Title       :  Polymer Composites for Industrial Safety Helmets: A Review

 

 

Authors:   K. Ram*, V. Chaudhary, F. Ahmad, P.K. Bajpai 

 

 

Abstract: Fiber reinforced polymers are achieving its existence in diverse application areas due to its inherent mechanical properties. Among these polymers based composites, natural fibre reinforced polymer composites are gaining popularity among material scientists and industries working in the field of material processing, because these natural fiber based composites reduces burden on the environment as these are biodegradable. In the current study, a review has been carried out towards the work done in the field of replacing existing industrial safety helmet material acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), with variety of polymer composites. The study shows that hybrid polymer composites have good potential to replace ABS in safety helmets.

 

 

Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Analysis of AISI 316 During Different Types of Welding Processes: A Review

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-507

 

 

Title       :  Mechanical Properties and Microstructural Analysis of AISI 316 During Different Types of Welding

 

 

                        Processes: A Review

 

 

Authors:  Neelesh Kumar*, Mayank Kumar, Nitin Sharma, Piyush Shah, Ranganath M. S., R.S. Mishra

 

 

Abstract: Quality and productivity play important role in today’s manufacturing market. The main objective of industries reveals with producing better quality product at minimum cost and increase productivity. Welding is the most vital and common operation use for joining of two similar and dissimilar parts. In this paper an overview of current research in welding of stainless steel 316 has been presented. Fundamental concepts and definitions commonly used in welding are introduced, including a background on the properties of SS 316. An outline of applications in mechanical engineering is presented. The analysis tools that are currently available to aid in design and analyse are also described. The goal of this review is to introduce the possibilities for further research in this field, and encourage future SS 316 welded designs and applications.

 

 


Optimization of Leaf Spring for Strength Using Composite Material for Light Commercial Vehicle

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-508

 

 

Title       : Optimization of Leaf Spring for Strength Using Composite Material for Light Commercial Vehicle

 

 

Authors:  Ashish  Jadhav*,  Sanjay Kumbhar

 

 

Abstract: Safety, energy saving and environmental protection are the important trends in case of an automobile. Lightweight has become an important goal of vehicle development. The leaf spring is about 5% to 10% of the total mass of vehicles as the vehicle suspension elastic element. So leaf spring is one of the important components to achieve vehicle lightweight. It can be easily observed that material having lower modulus and density will have a greater specific strain energy capacity. The introduction of composite materials made it possible to reduce the weight of the leaf spring without reduction of load carrying capacity and stiffness due to more elastic strain energy storage capacity and high strength to weight ratio. A material with maximum strength and minimum modulus of elasticity in the longitudinal direction will be the most suitable material for a leaf spring. To meet the need of natural resources conservation, automobile manufacturers are attempting to reduce the weight of vehicles in recent years. Weight reduction can be achieved primarily by the introduction of better material, design optimization and better manufacturing processes. The suspension leaf spring is one of the potential items for weight reduction in automobiles unsprung weight. This achieves the vehicle with more fuel efficiency and improved riding qualities. The introduction of composite materials has made it possible to reduce the weight of leaf spring without any reduction on load carrying capacity and stiffness.

 

 

Influences of Process Parameter and Microstructural Studies in Friction Stir Welding of Different Alloys:  A Review

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-509 

 

 

Title       :  Influences of Process Parameter and Microstructural Studies in Friction Stir Welding of Different Alloys : A Review

Authors:   Husain Mehdi*, R.S. Mishra

 

 

Abstract:  Friction stir welding (FSW) is a relatively new solid state joining process that uses a non-consumable tool to join two different material without melting the workpiece material. Heat is generated by friction between the rotating tool and the workpiece material. This joining process is energy efficient, environment friendly and versatile. Friction stir welding (FSW) was developed for microstructural modification of metallic material. This review article provides an overview of effect of FSW/FSP mechanism responsible for the formation of weld, microstructure refinement, wear of FSW tool and mechanical properties. This review conclude with recommendations for future research direction.

 

 

Review Method for Regasification and Dissociation Rate of Methane Hydrate

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-510

 

 

Title       : Review Method for Regasification and Dissociation Rate of Methane Hydrate

 

 

Authors:  S. R. Kumbhar*,  O. B. Surve

 

 

Abstract:  First case dry water (DW) is recently demonstrated to be an effective medium for methane storage in hydrate form. To measurement their formation and dissociation rates and storage capacity. Storage capacity of MH increases at least 10% by using DW relative to using Sodium dodecyl sulphate solution also control on pressure temperature (P-T) curve condition on the induction and reaction time of DW-MH formation. In second case effect of methane hydrate dissociation at different temperature using triaxial compression test on methane hydrate-bearing sediment after hydrate dissociation time of 0h, 1h, 6h, 12h or 24h the mechanical properties of sediment during hydrate dissociation at different temperatures. When increase in the MH dissociation time the failure strength and initial yield strength both decreased, and the rate of decline failure strength was faster at higher temperature.

 

 

Characteristics and Properties of Different Reinforcements in Hybrid Aluminium Composites: A Review 

 

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-511

 

 

Title       : Characteristics and Properties of Different Reinforcements in Hybrid Aluminium Composites: A Review 

 

 

Authors: Ravi Butola*, Ranganath M.Singari, Ashwani Bandhu, R S Walia

 

 

Abstract: Aluminium composites have a wide range of applications and serve as an important tool in various industries. Different reinforcements have different effects on aluminium matrix composite. In this paper these different effects and properties are studied for reinforcing materials such as Silicon Carbide, Graphite, Fly ash, Rice husk ash and boron halide. Properties like hardness, corrosion behaviour, tensile strength, wear resistance etc have been studied rigorously and been summarised. It’s been observed that there is an enhancement in the properties of hybrid composites so formed on addition of these reinforcing materials to aluminium composites.

 

 

Synthesis and Wear Behaviour of (Al, Cu)3Ti Powder Blend by Mechanical Alloying

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-512

 

 

Title       : Synthesis and Wear Behaviour of (Al, Cu)3Ti Powder Blend by Mechanical Alloying

 

 

 Authors:  Shailesh Kumar Singh*1, Satyajeet Kumar1, Jay Shankar kumar1, Sitikantha Behera1,  Shailesh Mani Pandey2

Abstract: In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to study the formation of intermetallic compound for Al70Cu22Ti8 alloy composition by mechanical alloying. Elemental powder of Al70Cu22Ti8(all in wt. %) composition was milled in a Fritsch pulverisette planetary mill for 50h under toluene. Powder of 1wt. % Y2O3 and 1wt. % TiO2 were added separately to the 50 h milled base alloy powder to study the effect of oxide dispersion. A maximum of 81% theoretical density was obtained for the composite powder mixture sintered at 11000C for 1h. A maximum Vickers microhardness of 449, 649, 872HV were obtained for base alloy, Y2O3 and TiO2 dispersed alloy sintered at 11000C for 1h respectively. It was also found that TiO2 and Y2Odispersed base alloy have higher wear resistance than base alloy.

 

 

Different Tool coatings: An Overview

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-513

 

 

Title       : Different Tool coatings: An Overview

 

 

Authors:  Navriti Gupta*, Ranganath M. Singari

 

 

Abstract: In Surface coated tools plays an important role in metal cutting industry and forming industry. The basic requirement of good finish is achieved due to tool coatings. Tool wear are topic of research interest. Various techniques of tool coatings failure is being studied with advanced experimental and analysis techniques as FEM(Finite Element Modelling) etc. The strength of coating depend on the material used as coating, process employed and thickness of coating. A good quality coating as Ti, W based systems can ensure enhanced tool life. The process of coating deposition can be classified into PVD and CVD based systems. Physical Vapour Deposition involves low temperatures of order of 300°C to 500°C and Chemical Vapour Deposition involves high temperatures in range 800°C-1100°C.  PVD is far more superior technology than CVD since the low temperatures encountered. Many polymers can easily deposited by this technique. CVD coatings thicker than PVD coatings, from 10µm to 1mm. In CVD quality of coating is dependant upon materials to be coated, the deposition temperature, the pressure within the vessel, the type and flow rate of the carrier gas.

 

 

Effect of Tool Materials and Tool Geometry on Friction Stir Welding/ Processing of Aluminium Alloy

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-514

 

 

Title       : Effect of Tool Materials and Tool Geometry on Friction Stir Welding/ Processing of Aluminium Alloy

 

 

Authors: Preety Mor, Sumit jain, Shambhavi Ratnapriya, Tanusha, R.S. Mishra 

 

 

Abstract: The main objective of this research paper is to study the effect of various tool geometries and tool materials on the friction stir processing and welding of Aluminum and its alloy used in Automobiles industry. This study also correlates the effects of process parameters on temperature distribution in the workpiece during welding and processing. The effect of micro structural studies for finding the effect of various parameters on the grain structure of Aluminum and its alloys have been studied in detail. The effect of FSP and FSW (i.e. Tool rotation speed, Tool traversing speed, Tool pin dia,) have a significant effect on for improving mechanical properties in terms of tensile strength, micro-hardness, yield strength and strain rate of Aluminum and its alloys

 

 

Optimisation of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness in Turning: A Review

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-515

 

 

Title       : Optimisation of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness in Turning: A Review

 

 

Authors:  Yashwant Koli*, Prashant Kumar Singh ,Vipin, Ranganath M. S

 

 

Abstract:  The literature review of these papers serves various goals. First it focuses on the work that has been done on turning during these recent years or the advancement that has been done in this field. Secondly it will helpful to the researcher who wishes to work further on this topic or wishes to know the effects of cutting parameters on SR in turning on different alloys. This analysis through this article will help the researcher to find the existing gap on this issue and outline the future direction for the researchers through this review analysis. Total 140 papers published were selected, categorized and analyse and gap in the work been identified to suggest for future analysis. The research will be helpful for researchers, academicians and practitioners for better understanding in the field of turning.

 

 

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-516.pdf

 

 

Title: Experimental Investigations on Friction Stir Processing of Cu-Carbon Nanotubes with Multi-Passes

Authors: V Jeganathan Arulmoni*, R.S. Mishra

 Abstract: FSP has been employed for Cu-carbon nanotube composites successfully and analysed. Further the enhancement of mechanical properties has also been investigated for the composites and found effective for practical applications. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the experimental investigations of FSP of Cu-carbon nanotubes with multi-passes. The effect of FSP parameters such as tool rotational speed, processing speed, axial load, groove width and depth on microstructure and micro hardness investigated.

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Based Metal Matrix Composite - A Review

Posted      :  05  Jan  2017 4:00 PM PST

 

 

File        :  IJAPIE-SI-MM-517

Title       : Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Aluminium Based Metal Matrix Composite – A Review

Authors: Manik Singla*, Ramakant Rana, Surabhi Lata

 

 

 

 Abstract: Aluminum based metal matrix is widely used nowadays in automobile, aerospace and other industry. Aluminum matrix Composite are gaining popularity due to high strength to weight ratio, good mechanical properties, light weight and inexpensive.. The performance of composite depends on type, percentage, size and shape of the reinforcement. The addition of reinforcement into aluminum improves mechanical properties such as like tensile strength, strain, hardness, wear and fatigue. . This paper attempts to review the effect of addition of different reinforcements and their effects on mechanical properties, along with the optimization techniques used to optimize the various process parameters.